This website is designed to provide information on Histopathology, Cellular Pathology and Histology.
This site will be especially useful for those that are studying Biomedical science or training to become a Biomedical or healthcare scientist in the area of histology or histopathology. It will also be of use to those studying for their specialist portfolio or specialist diploma, especially in cellular pathology or histology.
Histology is the study of anatomy of animals and plants down to the cellular level. It is performed by examining a thin slice of tissue under a light microscope or electron microscope. The ability to visualize or differentially identify microscopic structures is frequently enhanced through the use of histological stains. Histology is an essential tool of biology and medicine.
Histopathology, the microscopic study of diseased tissue, is an important tool in anatomical pathology, since accurate diagnosis of cancer and other diseases usually requires histopathological examination of samples. Trained medical doctors, frequently board-certified as pathologists, are the personnel who perform histopathological examination and provide diagnostic information based on their observations.
The trained scientists who perform the preparation of histological sections are histotechnicians,histology technicians (HT), histology technologists (HTL), medical scientists, medical laboratory technicians, or biomedical scientists. Their field of study is called histotechnology.
The discipline of histology was only possible after the cell itself was discovered in 1665 by Robert Hooke an English microscopist while examining a piece of cork with a rudimentary microscope. After this the study of cells lead to further medical and scientific breakthroughs.
In the 19th century, the 1906 Nobel Prise in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to histologists Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramon y Cajal. They had dueling interpretations of the neural structure of the brain based in differing interpretations of the same images. Cajal won the prize for his correct theory and Golgi for the staining technique he invented to make it possible which later became known as the golgi stain.